1110 – An Easy LCS

PDF (English) Statistics Forum

Time Limit: 2 second(s) Memory Limit: 32 MB

LCS means ‘Longest Common Subsequence’ that means two non-empty strings are given; you have to find the Longest Common Subsequence between them. Since there can be many solutions, you have to print the one which is the lexicographically smallest. Lexicographical order means dictionary order. For example, ‘abc’ comes before ‘abd’ but ‘aaz’ comes before ‘abc’.

Input

Input starts with an integer T (≤ 100), denoting the number of test cases.

Each case starts with a blank line. The next two lines will contain two strings of length 1 to 100. The strings contain lowercase English characters only.

Output

For each case, print the case number and the lexicographically smallest LCS. If the LCS length is 0 then just print ‘:(‘.

Sample Input

Output for Sample Input

3

ab

ba

zxcvbn

hjgasbznxbzmx

you

kjhs

Case 1: a

Case 2: zxb

Case 3: 🙁

Question ideas: Just use LCS templates plus the record path.

But in the process of doing this question, it has been relying, and it is okay to run locally. After finding it carefully, I found that I traveled from I = 0 and J = 0, and the situation of DP [i-1] [J-1] was re, but DEV is not explosive: (

#include<iostream> #include<cstring> #include<cstdio> #include<algorithm> using namespace std; const int N = 110; int dp[N][N]; char str1[N],str2[N],ans[N][N][N]; int main(){ int T; scanf("%d",&T); for(int t=1;t<=T;t++){ memset(dp,0,sizeof(dp)); memset(ans,0,sizeof(ans)); scanf("%s %s",str1+1,str2+1); int len1 = strlen(str1+1),len2 = strlen(str2+1); for(int i=1;i<=len1;i++){ for(int j=1;j<=len2;j++){ if(str1[i]==str2[j]){ dp[i][j] = dp[i-1][j-1] + 1; strcpy(ans[i][j],ans[i-1][j-1]); ans[i][j][dp[i-1][j-1]] = str1[i]; ans[i][j][dp[i][j]] = '\0'; }else{ dp[i][j] = max(dp[i-1][j],dp[i][j-1]); if(dp[i-1][j]<dp[i][j-1]){ strcpy(ans[i][j],ans[i][j-1]); }else if(dp[i-1][j]>dp[i][j-1]){ strcpy(ans[i][j],ans[i-1][j]); }else{ if(strcmp(ans[i][j-1],ans[i-1][j])>0){ strcpy(ans[i][j],ans[i-1][j]); }else{ strcpy(ans[i][j],ans[i][j-1]); } } } } } if(strlen(ans[len1][len2])==0)printf("Case %d: :(\n",t);// strcpy(ans[len1-1][len2-1],":(\0"); else printf("Case %d: %s\n",t,ans[len1][len2]); } }

Reprinted: https://www.cnblogs.com/yuanshixingdan/p/5568826.html